Icc Full Form In Cricket – The cricket arrived in India – thanks to English colonialists in the late 1700s. Calcutta Cricket Club was the first club, founded in 1792 for Europeans only. However, Indians soon started playing it, and the game became popular in Bombay. The Parsees defeated the Europeans in 1877 and then toured England, although they won only one match. The Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) was established in 1928 and India finally made its Test debut in 1932, followed by a national competition in 1934, named the Ranji Trophy after KS Ranjitsinhji.
With Test series wins against Pakistan, New Zealand and England at home, India turned the tables with their first Test series win outside the subcontinent in 1967-68. against New Zealand. India began to be recognized as a powerhouse when they outplayed the West Indies and England in their own backyard in 1971, a feat that many could not have imagined.
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As the one-day format began to gain prominence, India shocked the two-time reigning champions West Indies by lifting the World Cup in 1983. The World Cup highlight was followed by another great performance in Australia when India won the 1985 Cricket World Cup.
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Producing world-class talent in the batting and bowling departments, India continued its upward march. In 2002, they were declared joint winners with Sri Lanka after the final was hampered by rain. The 2007 ICC World T20 in South Africa will be fondly remembered by fans as MS Dhoni-led India defeated Pakistan in the final to win the championship in the inaugural edition of the tournament.
India’s consistency in the format was reflected two years later when, in November 2009, India became the No. 1 Test side in the world. They continued their dominance at the top until August 2011. Earlier that year, India beat Sri Lanka in the World Cup final to become the first team to win the all-important trophy as hosts. MS Dhoni became the second captain after Kapil Dev to lead India to a World Cup victory, leading to huge celebrations across the country.
Dhoni was at the helm again as India outplayed hosts England by five runs to lift the ICC Champions Trophy. India showed their adaptability when they won the Asia Cup in 2016. It was the first time the tournament was played in the T20I format and the men in blue remained unbeaten throughout the competition.
In Test cricket, India created a considerable lead over others and ended 2016 as the No. 1 Test team in the world. They played 12 Test matches in 2016 and won nine, the most they have won in a calendar year. The International Cricket Council (ICC) is the global governing body of cricket. It was founded as the Imperial Cricket Conference in 1909 by representatives from Australia, India and South Africa. It was established as the International Cricket Conference in 1965, and took its current name in 1987. The ICC is headquartered in Dubai, United Arab Emirates.
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The ICC currently has 108 member countries: 12 full Test match-playing members and 96 associate members.
The ICC is responsible for organizing and managing major international cricket tournaments, mainly the Cricket World Cup and the T20 World Cup. It also appoints the umpires and umpires to officiate all sanctioned Test matches, One Day Internationals and Twty20 Internationals. Promulgates the ICC Code of Conduct, which sets professional standards of discipline for international cricket,
The ICC does not control bilateral matches between member countries (which includes all test matches), nor does it govern domestic cricket in member countries. It does not make or change the rules of the game, which have remained under the administration of the Marylebone Cricket Club since 1788.
The president heads the board of directors and on 26 June 2014, Narayanaswami Srinivasan, former president of the BCCI, was named as the first president of the council.
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The role of ICC President has become largely an honorary position since the establishment of the role of Chairman and other changes made to the ICC Constitution in 2014. The 2014 changes are claimed to have handed control to the ‘Big Three’ nations in Gland. , India and Australia.
Who was appointed in June 2015 following the resignation of Mustafa Kamal in April 2015. When the post of ICC president was abolished in April 2016, Shashank Manohar, who replaced Srinivasan in October 2015, became the first independently elected ICC chairman.
On 30 November 1907, Abe Bailey, president of the South African Cricket Association, wrote a letter to the secretary of the Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC, Driz) Francis Lacey. Bailey proposed the formation of an ‘Imperial Cricket Board’. In this letter he suggested that the committee would be responsible for formulating the rules and regulations that would govern international matches between the three members: Australia, Africa and South Africa. Bailey, wanted to host a triangular Test series between the participating nations in South Africa. Australia rejected the offer. However, Bailey did not lose hope. He saw an opportunity to bring the three members together during the Australian tour of Drizz in 1909. After continuous lobbying and effort, Bailey was successful.
On 15 June 1909, representatives of Australia, South Africa and Australia met at Lord’s and formed the Imperial Cricket Conference. A month later, a second meeting of the three members was held. The nations agreed on the rules and it was decided that the first Tri-Test series would take place in Driz in 1912.
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In 1926, the West Indies, New Zealand and India were elected as full members, doubling the number of Test participating nations to six. Following the formation of Pakistan in 1947, it was granted Test status in 1952, becoming the seventh Test playing nation. In May 1961, the Republic of South Africa left the Commonwealth and thus lost its membership.
In 1964, the ICC agreed to include non-Test nations. The following year, the ICC changed its name to the International Cricket Conference. The USA, Ceylon and Fiji were admitted as associate members, a new class of members.
In 1968, Denmark, Bermuda, the Netherlands and East Africa were admitted as associates, while South Africa had not yet applied to join the ICC.
At the meeting in 1971, the idea of organizing the World Cup was presented. At the meeting in 1973, it was decided that the World Championship would be played in 1975 in Driž. Six Test playing nations and East Africa and Sri Lanka have been invited to participate.
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In 1978, Papua New Guinea was admitted to membership. South Africa applied to join, but their application was rejected.
In 1981, Sri Lanka was promoted to full membership, and they played their first Test in 1982.
In 1984, the third class of membership (associate) was introduced. Italy was the first such member, followed by Switzerland in 1985. In 1987, the Bahamas and France were admitted, followed by Nepal in 1988.
At a meeting in July 1989, the ICC became the International Cricket Council, and the tradition is that the President of the MCC automatically becomes the Chairman of the ICC.
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In 1991, for the first time in the history of the ICC, the meeting was held outside Driz, in Melbourne. South Africa was re-elected as a full member of the ICC in July, after the end of apartheid.
In 1992, Zimbabwe was admitted as the ninth full member. Namibia joined as an associate member. Austria, Belgium, Brunei and Spain joined as subsidiaries.
In 1993, the position of Chief Executive Officer of the ICC was created; David Richards of the Australian Cricket Board was the first person appointed to the position. In July, Sir Clyde Walcott of Barbados was elected the first non-British president. With the advent of new technology, a third amplifier was introduced, which is equipped with video playback capabilities.
In 1995, television replays were available for run-out and batting in Test matches, with the third umpire having to signal whether or not to be out with a red or green light. The following year, cameras were used to determine whether the ball had crossed the line, and in 1997 decisions on the purity of the catch could be transferred to a third official. This year also saw the introduction of the Duckworth-Lewis method of setting targets in rain-affected ODI matches.
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In 2017, Afghanistan and Ireland were admitted as the eleventh and twelfth full members of the International Cricket Council following a unanimous vote at the ICC Council meeting at the Oval. Affiliate membership is also terminated, so all existing affiliate members become affiliate members.
Full Members – Twelve governing bodies of teams that have full voting rights in the International Cricket Council and play official Test matches.
Associate Members – 96 governing bodies in countries where cricket is firmly established and organized but have not yet gained full membership.
Since its inception, the ICC has had Lord’s Cricket Ground as its home and since 1993 has had its offices in the “Clock Tower” building in the nursery d grounds. Indept ICC was initially funded by the commercial exploitation of rights to the world
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