Cricket International – This article is about the format of international cricket. For the women’s format, see Wom’s One Day International.
One Day International (ODI) is a form of limited overs cricket played between two teams at international level, where each team faces a fixed number of overs, currently 50, with the match lasting 9 hours.
The Cricket World Cup, usually held every four years, is played in this format. One Day Internationals are also known as Limited Over Internationals (LOI), although this general term can also refer to Twty20 Internationals. They are major competitions and are considered the highest level of List A, limited over competitions.
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Matches is the number of matches played in the 12-24 months since last May, and half the number in the previous 24 months. See Points Count for more details.
The international one-day game is a development from the late twentieth century. The first ODI was played on January 5, 1971 between Australia and Melbourne Cricket Ground.
After the first three days of the third Test faded, the officials decided to abandon the match and instead decided to play an eight-ball one-dayer of 40 overs per side. Australia won the match by 5 wickets. The ODIs were played in white colored kits with red colored balls.
In the late 1970s, Kerry Packer founded a rival World Series cricket tournament, and it introduced many of the features of one-day international cricket that have now become commonplace, including floodlit night games with colored uniforms, white balls and dark vision screens. . , and, for television broadcasts, multiple camera angles, effects microphones to capture sounds from players on the field, and on-screen graphics. The first of the matches to feature colored uniforms was WSC Australians in Acacia Gold vs WSC West Indians in Coral Pink, played on 17 January 1979 at Melbourne’s VFL Park. Not only did it take Packer’s Channel 9 TV rights for cricket. Australia, however, led players from around the world to pay to play and become international professionals who no longer needed work outside of cricket. Games with colored kits and white balls became more common over time, and ODIs with white flannel and red balls were introduced in 2001.
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The ICC, the governing body of international cricket, maintains the ICC ODI rankings for teams (see table at right), batsmen, bowlers and all-rounders. Now New Zealand is at the top of ODI cricket.
Generally the rules of cricket apply. However, in ODIs, each team bats for a fixed number of overs. In the early days of ODI cricket the number of overs was usually 60 overs per side, and matches were also played at 40, 45 or 55 overs per side, but are now uniformly set at 50 overs.
When several overs are lost, for example due to bad weather conditions, the total number of overs may be reduced. In the early days of ODI cricket, the team with the better run rate won (see average run rate method), but this favored the second team.
For the 1992 World Cup, an alternative method of removing the first team’s worst overs was used (see Most productive overs method), but it favored the first team.
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Since the late 1990s, the target or outcome has typically been determined by the Duckworth-Lewis-Stern method (DLS, formerly known as the Duckworth-Lewis method).
That is a method with a statistical approach. Wickets in hand play an important role in the pace of run rate and keep in mind that a team with more wickets in hand can play more aggressively than a team with fewer wickets in hand. If not enough overs are played (usually 20 overs) for the DLS to apply, the match is declared a no-result. Important one-day matches, especially in the latter stages of major tournaments, may be split over two days so that a result can be obtained on a “reserve day” if the first day is canceled – either by playing a new match, or by a match interrupted by rain.
As the game uses a white ball instead of the red ball used in first-class cricket, the ball can become discolored and difficult to see as the innings progresses, so the ICC has used various rules to keep the ball playable. Recently, the ICC has used two new balls (one from each d), the same strategy used in the 1992 and 1996 World Cups, so that each ball is used for only 25 overs.
Earlier, in October 2007, the ICC allowed the ball to be replaced after the 34th over with a cleaned, previously used ball.
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Prior to October 2007 (apart from the 1992 and 1996 World Cups), only one ball was used in an innings of ODIs and it was up to the umpire to decide whether to change the ball.
The bowling side is subject to a pitching ban during ODIs, preventing teams from setting purely defensive pitches. Field restrictions allow a maximum number of field players outside the thirty-yard circle.
The three power plays, designated P1, P2 and P3 respectively, are usually shown near the score on modern scorecards.
In 1992 only two fielders were allowed outside the circle in the first fifteen overs, five fielders were allowed outside the circle in the remaining overs.
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It was shortened to an over in 2005 and two five-over power plays were introduced, with the bowling team and batting team able to time each one. In 2008, the batting team was given the freedom to time one of the two power plays. In 2011, teams were limited to completing discretionary power plays between the 16th and 40th overs; Earlier, power plays could take place anytime between the 11th and 50th overs. Finally, in 2012, the bowling power play was discontinued and the number of fielders allowed outside the 30-yard circle in non-power play overs was reduced from five.
The Laws of the Game also introduced a substitution rule which allowed a substitute player to be introduced at any stage of the game and unless he was called up to play, he assumed the role of 12th man. Teams nominate their replacement player, known as a supersub, for a coin toss. A supersub can bat, bowl, field or keep a wicket after replacing a player; The substituted player takes the role of 12th man. In the six months it was in use, it became very clear that the Supersub was more suited to the winning side of the coin toss, unbalancing the game. Several international captains reached a “gtleman’s agreement” to end this rule in late 2005. They kept calling in supersubs as needed, but they didn’t execute using them as a simple 12th man. On February 15, 2006, the ICC announced its intention to end the supersub rule on March 21, 2006. Tried two balls in ODIs in two years but was denied.
The International Cricket Council (ICC) determines which teams have ODI status (ie any match played between two such teams is classified as an ODI under standard ODI rules).
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Twelve Test nations (which are also twelve full members of the ICC) have permanent ODI status. The countries are listed below with the date of each country’s ODI debut after achieving full ODI status in parentheses (Sri Lanka, Zimbabwe, Bangladesh, Ireland and Afghanistan were ICC Associate Members at the time of their ODI debut):
Between 2005 and 2017, the ICC granted temporary ODI status to six other teams (known as associate members). This was changed to four teams in 2017 after Afghanistan and Ireland were promoted to Test status (and permanent ODI status). The ICC had earlier decided to limit ODIs to 16 teams.
Teams receive this temporary status for a period of four years based on their performance in the ICC World Cricket League qualifiers, the final stage of the ICC World Cricket League. In 2019, the ICC increased the number of provisionally recognized ODI teams to eight. The following eight teams currently hold this status (dates in brackets are their first ODI matches after gaining provisional ODI status):
Additionally, eight teams have previously held this temporary ODI status before being promoted to Test status or relegated after poor performances in World Cup qualifiers:
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The ICC sometimes granted permanent ODI status to Associate members without granting them full membership and Test status. It was originally introduced to enable the best associate members to gain regular experience at internationals before moving to full membership. Bangladesh and India were the first to be given this status. Bangladesh has since moved towards trial status and full membership; But due to litigation and poor performances, Kay’s ODI status was reduced
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