Cricket Bat – A cricket bat is a specialized piece of equipment used by batsmen in the sport of cricket to hit the ball, usually consisting of a bat handle attached to a willow blade with a flat front. It can also be used if the batter is grounding to prevent a run out by holding the bat and hitting the ground with it. The length of the bat cannot exceed 38 inches (96.5 cm) and the width cannot exceed 4.25 inches (10.8 cm). Its use is first mentioned in 1624. Since 1979, an amendment to the law stipulates that cricket bats can only be made of wood.
The blade of a cricket bat is a block of wood that is generally flat on the front of the bat and has a ridge on the back (spine) that compacts the wood in the center where the ball is hit quickly. The bat is traditionally made from willow wood, specifically from a species of white willow called cricket willow (Salix alba var. caerulea), treated with raw (uncooked) linseed oil, which has a protective function. This variety of willow is used because it is very strong and impact resistant, does not crack or crack significantly when hit by a cricket ball at high speed, and is lightweight. The user often covers the face of the bat with a protective film. In 1900, Percy Stuart Surridge developed a reinforced tip.
The blade is connected by a joint to a long cylindrical cane handle, similar to that of a tennis racket from the mid-20th century. The handle is usually covered with a rubber grip. The bats have a wooden feather design where the handle meets the blade. The current design of a cane handle divided into a willow leaf by a tapered neck was an invention in the 1880s of Charles Richardson, Brunel’s pupil and the first chief engineer of the Severn Railway Tunnel.
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Split handles were used for this, but they broke at the corner of the joint. The taper provides a more gradual transfer of load from the blade from the blank to the handle and prevents this problem.
The edges of the blade closest to the handle are called the bat shoulders, and the bottom of the blade is known as the bat tip.
Bats weren’t always this shape. Before the 18th century, bats had the same shape as modern hockey sticks. It may be a legacy of the game’s famous origins. While the earliest forms of cricket are unclear, it may be that the game was first played with shepherds.
The bat widely recognized as the oldest existing bat dates from 1729 and is on display in the Sandham Room at The Oval in London.
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When first purchased, most bats are not ready for immediate use and must be broken in to allow the soft fibers to hit the new hard cricket ball without damaging the bat and transferring full power to the shot. To tap is to hit the surface with an old cricket ball or a special hammer. This compresses the soft fibers in the bat and reduces the risk of the bat cracking. The bat may also need raw linseed oil to fill the gaps between the fibers.
Instead of boiled linseed oil, raw linseed oil is used, since the raw form is also a drying oil, but it “dries” very slowly, leaving a sticky surface. Regular application has a protective effect on the wood and reduces its sensitivity to changes in humidity in the atmosphere, which can cause deformation or splitting. Another important factor is that it increases the surface friction of the ball on the surface of the bat, thus providing better control of the shot. The player may notice a worn surface, indicating that re-oiling is required.
Law 5 of the Laws of Cricket states that the length of the bat shall not exceed 38 inches (965 mm), the width shall not exceed 4.25 inches (108 mm), the overall depth shall not exceed 2.64 inches (67 mm) and the frame shall not exceed 1.56 inches (40 mm). Appendix B of the Laws of Cricket contains more precise specifications.
The 2017 update to the laws saw no changes to the maximum length of the bat, which is still 38 inches/96.52 cm, but the new specification stated that the edge of the bat should not exceed 1.56 inches/4 cm, while the depth could not exceed 2. 64 inches / 6.7 cm.
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Umpires are now given a bat gauge so they can check if a bat is legal at any time.
Bats come in a variety of sizes, with some manufacturers offering unique variations. Children’s sizes 0 to 6, Harrow youth sizes and adult sizes are commonly found. SH (short handle) is the most common size for adults, with long handle and long blade variants also available. Children’s sizes increase in length and width as you size up. While most adult bats have the maximum width allowed (4.25 inches), no commonly available cricket bat has a maximum length of 38 inches and only a few exceed 35 inches.
Several companies over the years have tried new shapes that fall within the rules of the game to gain traction and improve sales. Slazger’s first armless bats appeared in the 1960s. This allowed more of the weight to be redistributed to the ‘sweet spot’ of the blade, giving more power to each strike while providing good balance and easy ‘lift’. This batting style was made famous by Lance Cairns’ six sixes in a game played in 1983.
In the 1970s, double-sided bats came from Warsop Stebbing. With the introduction of Twty20 cricket, two-sided bats are gaining renewed interest.
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In 1974 the first GN100 Scoop was released; this was the first bat to be turned upside down by removing the wood from the bat’s back. Removing this wood lightened the bat, increased the sweet spot and improved the pickup. Although there is less material, strong shots are still possible with the right timing. It allows weaker players to play many tricks that they would otherwise leave out of their repertoire.
This bat quickly became a big seller and since then Gray-Nicolls have released several scooped bats such as the GN500, Dynadrive and Viper, including a re-release of the Scoop itself for the 2012 Glish season. it was copied by many other companies without much critical acclaim.
In 1979 Australian cricketer Dnis Lillee briefly used the aluminum metal ComBat bat. After discussions with the umpires and complaints by the England team that the ball had been tampered with, which later turned out to be untrue,
The rules of cricket soon changed to state that the blade of the bat must be made of wood.
Cambridge Research Shows Cricket Bats Should Be Made From Bamboo Not Willow
In the 1980s, Stuart Surridge & Co developed the Turbo. Designed by John Surridge, the bat was created from two pieces of willow to reduce flex and increase power transfer. Bat used by Graham Gooch for his record 333 against India in 1990.
In 2005 Kookaburra launched a new type of bat with a carbon fiber reinforced polymer strut along the spine of the bat. It was put on the bat to provide more support to the spine and blade of the bat, thus extending the life of the bat. The first player to use this new bat in international cricket was Australia’s Ricky Ponting. The Kookaburra withdrew it after the ICC received advice from the MCC that it was illegal under Law 6.
In 2005, Newbery created a carbon fiber handle, the C6 and C6+, that weighed 85 grams less than a standard laminated cane and rubber handle. It was used by Newbery and Puma for three years before the concept was copied by Gray Nicolls with a hollow plastic tube. However, this led the MCC to change the law on materials in grips, fearing that the new technology would lead to a greater distance for the ball to be hit. Now only 10% of the handle volume can be non-reed.
In late 2008, SABFats created a beveled edge cricket bat. Edge compensation allowed for a larger center, better swing weight and better performance without compromising the balance of the cricket bat.
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In 2004, Newbery created the Uzi with a shortened blade and extended handle for the new Twty20 game format. This change allowed more wood to be placed in the middle as more attacking shots were played in the shorter version of the game. In 2009, Mongoose launched an extreme version of the Newbery Uzi shape called the Mi3.
The design is unusual in that the blade is 33% shorter than a regular stick and the handle is 43% longer.
Launched with a fanfare of publicity, he preached the idea of not defending the ball in the T20 format and playing pure attacking strokes.
On 11 March 2010, Mongoose launched its range in India with an announcement
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